Graphic design is a form of visual communication using images to convey information or messages as effectively as possible. In graphic design, text, images are also considered as an abstraction of symbols that can be sounded. Graphic design is applied in communication design and fine art. Like other types of design, graphic design can refer to the process of manufacturing, design methods, the product (design), or any discipline that is used (design).
Graphic design art include cognitive abilities and visual skills, including typography, illustration, photography, image processing, and layout.
Graphic design was originally applied to static media, such as books, magazines, and brochures. In addition, in line with the times, graphic design is also applied in the electronic media, which are often referred to as interactive design or multimedia design.
One-dimensional boundary has changed over the development of thinking about design. Graphic design can be applied to a design environment that includes the processing space.
Principles and design elements
Elements in graphic design as basic elements in other design disciplines. These elements (including shape, shape (form), texture, line, space, and color) form the basic principles of visual design. These principles, such as the balance (balance), rhythm (rhythm), stress (emphasis), the proportion ( "proportion") and unity (unity), then form a structural aspect of a larger composition.
Graphic design tools
The equipment used by graphic designers is the idea, mind, eyes, hands, hand drawing tools, and computers. A concept or idea is usually not considered as a design before it is realized or expressed in visual form.
In mid 1980, the arrival of desktop publishing and the introduction of graphic software applications introduced a generation of designers in the computer image manipulation and 3D image creation that previously was a hard work. Computer graphic design allows designers to see the results of layout or typography changes instantly without using ink or a pen, or to simulate the effects of traditional media without demanding a lot of space.
A graphic designers use sketches to explore ideas that are complex quickly, and then he has the freedom to choose the tools to finish, by hand or computer.
Graphic Design Software List
There are several software used in graphic design:
- Adobe Photoshop
- Adobe Illustrator
- Adobe Indesign
- Page Maker
- Adobe Freehand
- Adobe image ready
- Macromedia Dreamweaver
- Microsoft Frontpage
- Adobe Photoshop
- Adobe After Effect
- Adobe Premier
- Final Cut
- Adobe Flash, atau sebelumnya Macromedia Flash
Rendering 3 Dimensi
- 3D StudioMax
- Google SketchUp